Phnom Penh, Capital City of Cambodia


Phnom Penh is the capital city of Cambodia. It’s the country’s commercial, political, economic, culture and tourist area. Lading from north to south along the confluence of the Tonle Sap and Mekong river, Phnom Penh has the population of about 2.5 million people living in an area of about 290 square kilometers. Phnom Penh has a mixed population of Khmer, Chinese, and Vietnamese.

Phnom Penh City Hall, a French architechture

Phnom Penh was formerly built by King Ponhea Yat (1405-1466) in 1434. The second time built by King Norodom in December 1865. Since then Phnom Penh became Cambodia’s capital city officially until now. Phnom Penh is Cambodia’s center of economic and industrial activities, politics, economics, cultural, and diplomacy of the country.

During the 1920s, Phnom Penh was considered one of the most beautiful French-built cities in Indochina. While Siem Reap is the city of Khmer ancient temples, Sihanouk Ville is the beautiful city of natural white sand and sea, Phnom Penh is aslo a significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia by its beautiful and historical architecture. Along the grand boulevards in  Phnom Penh center, there are many French colonial buildings and French villas are visible and some of them are in used, especially the government administration buildings. Some of them are: Then National Treasury Building, Phnom Penh Post Office, Phnom Penh Railway Station.

Phnom Penh Public Park - Sunway Park

Phnom Penh has its name after a artificial hill Phnom Daun Penh. A legend related to the founding of Phnom Penh goes that, there is an old lady named Penh (Daun is Khmer for “old lady”, that’s why “Daun Penh”) living at the Chaktomuk (currently Phnom Penh). One day, while she was walking by the Mekong river, she saw a log of Koki tree (Koki is a kind of tree which its timber is very good to survive in water.) floating near the bank. After the koki tree log was pulled up to the shore by local people, Lady Penh found four statues of Buddha made of bronze and one statue of Vishnu made of marble inside the tree. Lady Penh and the locals believed that this was the intention of God to send those statues here. The record wrote that in 1372, Lady Penh built a hill on the west bank of Tonle Sap river and placed a shrine on top to house the found sacred artifacts. And the hill was named Phnom Daun Penh (Hill of Lady Penh).Later on when the town was growing around this area and take its name in short form as Phnom Penh.

Phnom Penh is a municipality with 678.46 square kilometres area which is divided into 8 administrative divisions called Khan (district), they are: 7 Makara, Chamkar Mon, Dangkor, Daun Penh, Mean Chey, Russey Keo, Sen Sok, and Tuol Kok. And the Khans are further subdivided into Sangkats (communes), and further into smaller group called Krom.

Some cultural and touring sites within Phnom Penh which visitors shouldn’t miss are: Royal Place and Silver Pagoda, Wat Phnom or Phnom Daun Penh, National Museum, Toul Sleng Genocide Museum, Killing Field, Central Market and Russian Market.

Naga Bridge Park - A View of Public Park in Phnom Penh

A corner of Sisovath Quay, River Front, Phnom Penh. Foreign visitors like to spend their days here with many pubs, restaurants, guesthouses and shops.

Botum Vatey Park - A group of teenagers playing football in the park

Rubbish Bin in Public Park of Phnom Penh. It's made of wheel tire. On the bin written that "Please Help Keep Phnom Penh Clean."

Street 51 - A normal street in Phnom Penh, taken in the morning. It doesn't look busy right?

Phnom Penh - Sunway park

Phnom Penh - Riverside Public Park

Phnom Penh - Independent Monument Public Park

Phnom Penh - Russian Federation Blvd Public Park, with 1950s Champei flower trees blossoming their white flower along both sides of the park.

Phnom Penh - Peace Building - New Cabinet Building of Prime Minister and International Conference Center. Inaugurated in Oct 2010, located on the Russian Federation Blvd.

Phnom Penh - Friendship Building - the Cabinet Building of the Council of Ministers. Inaugurated in Oct 2010, located on the Russian Federation Blvd, next to the Peace Building.

Phnom Penh - Friendship Building (front view)

Phnom Penh - The naga-adorned faux bridge crossing the Blvd park, at the corner of Norodom Blvd and St. 108. The park of present days beside this bridge was originally a man-made canal, created under the order of King Ponhea Yat (1394-1463), in order to take water for the surrounding vegetables garden. It was named "Le canal de Verneville". Then later it was called Oknha Plong canal. The original bridge was removed in 1930, and was rebuilt in 2006, but only the balustrades.

Phnom Penh - the view of Norodom Blvd toward Independent Monument from the Naga Bridge

Phnom Penh - Canadia Tower (OCIC Tower), the first highest building in Cambodia, completed in 2009 with 32 stories. Total gross area is approximately 35,000 sqm with three levels of underground parking. The Canadia Bank's headquarter occupying a large part of this building, the left are attributed for office space leasing, spaces for exhibition, and also there are a super market up there, with many retail shops. Being up there, we can see great views of Phnom Penh city.

Phnom Penh - Canadia Tower


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